HomeWinBuzzer NewsDigital Markets Act: Big Tech's New Reality Under EU's Stringent Competition Rules

Digital Markets Act: Big Tech’s New Reality Under EU’s Stringent Competition Rules

EU's Digital Markets Act enforces new rules on tech giants like Google, Apple, and Amazon, requiring fairer competition and user control.


The Digital Markets Act (DMA), a comprehensive set of regulations aimed at ensuring fairness and competitiveness in the digital sector, has officially been enforced as of March 2024. Six leading technology companies, designated as “gatekeepers” due to their significant market power, are mandated to make substantial changes to their operations. These companies include Alphabet, , , , Meta, and . The regulations chiefly demand improvements in interoperability and a halt to the preferencing of their own services over those of competitors.

Alphabet's Approach to DMA Compliance

Alphabet, the parent company of , has taken numerous steps to comply with the DMA, impacting a wide array of its services such as Google Search, Google Play, and YouTube. Measures include the introduction of choice screens for browsers and search engines in the European Economic Area, enhanced visibility for competing sites in Google Search results, and data sharing opt-outs for users. Despite these modifications, Alphabet's efforts and the DMA's overall impact continue to be scrutinized by competitors and market analysts.

Apple's Strategic Revisions

Apple, whose iOS ecosystem has often been criticized for its restrictive practices, announced big changes with the release of the iOS 17.4 update. These changes facilitate third-party app distribution and payment processing, marking a considerable shift from Apple's previous App Store exclusivity. Additionally, Apple has agreed to allow alternative browser engines and has expanded access to its NFC technology. Despite these concessions, some critics argue that Apple's adjustments may still fall short of DMA's aspirations for a truly open digital market.

Meta, Amazon, and Microsoft's Compliance Measures

Meta has introduced a variety of adjustments to its targeted advertising model and has begun implementing third-party messaging interoperability within , a move long awaited by advocates for digital openness. Amazon has modified its advertising practices and data collection consent procedures in the EU, although the specifics of marketplace adjustments remain to be fully disclosed. Microsoft, responding to the DMA's requirements, has offered users in the European Economic Area more flexibility in customizing their software experience, including the option to uninstall certain preinstalled applications.

ByteDance, the sole non-U.S. company among the DMA's designated gatekeepers, plans to comply through enhancements in data portability on TikTok. The company, however, continues to appeal its gatekeeper designation, arguing that its operations do not meet the DMA's specified criteria.

Luke Jones
Luke Jones
Luke has been writing about all things tech for more than five years. He is following Microsoft closely to bring you the latest news about Windows, Office, Azure, Skype, HoloLens and all the rest of their products.

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