HomeWinBuzzer NewsQuantum-Resistant Mechanism in Chrome 124 Leads to Web Connection Problems

Quantum-Resistant Mechanism in Chrome 124 Leads to Web Connection Problems

Chrome's new quantum-resistant encryption disrupts connections for some users due to incompatible servers.


Google Chrome has introduced a quantum-resistant mechanism in its latest version, Chrome 124, aimed at safeguarding users against future quantum computer attacks. This update, which incorporates the X25519Kyber768 encapsulation mechanism for the first time, is designed to protect TLS traffic from potential quantum cryptanalysis. Despite its security benefits, the rollout has led to connectivity issues for some users, affecting their access to websites, servers, and firewalls.

Impact on Connectivity and Responses

The introduction of the Kyber768 quantum-resistant key agreement algorithm, intended for TLS 1.3 and QUIC connections, has inadvertently caused connectivity issues. System administrators have reported on Reddit and other platforms that web applications, firewalls, and servers are dropping connections following the ClientHello TLS handshake. The problem also extends to security appliances and networking middleware from various vendors, including Fortinet, SonicWall, Palo Alto Networks, and AWS. The issues stem from the servers' inability to process the larger ClientHello messages, a necessary component of post-quantum cryptography, leading to connection rejections.

Solutions and Future Directions

To address these connectivity problems, has provided a temporary workaround. Users experiencing issues can disable the TLS 1.3 hybridized Kyber support in Chrome by adjusting the browser's flags. Similarly, administrators have the option to disable the PostQuantumKeyAgreementEnabled policy. has also issued guidance for managing this feature via Edge group policies. However, Google emphasizes that these measures are temporary. The company warns that devices failing to correctly implement TLS may experience malfunctions when confronted with new or larger message options, indicating a pressing need for web servers to adapt to post-quantum cryptography standards.

Luke Jones
Luke Jones
Luke has been writing about all things tech for more than five years. He is following Microsoft closely to bring you the latest news about Windows, Office, Azure, Skype, HoloLens and all the rest of their products.