HomeWinBuzzer NewsDeepMind and Stanford University Develop Fact-Checking AI, SAFE

DeepMind and Stanford University Develop Fact-Checking AI, SAFE


Researchers from Google DeepMind and Stanford University have unveiled a groundbreaking system designed to enhance the accuracy of AI-generated responses. Dubbed the Search-Augmented Factuality Evaluator (SAFE), this system represents a significant advancement in the quest to mitigate the phenomenon of “hallucination” in AI chatbots. Hallucination in this context refers to instances where AI produces convincing yet factually incorrect information. While such fabrications may be less concerning in generative AI applications for images or videos, they pose a significant issue in text-based applications where accuracy is paramount.

How SAFE Works: A Four-Step Process

The SAFE system operates through a meticulous four-step process to ensure the veracity of AI-generated text. Initially, it dissects the given answer into individual facts. Following this segmentation, it revises these facts and conducts a comparison against data retrieved from Google Search, ensuring each fact’s relevance to the original query is assessed. This methodical approach allows SAFE to effectively evaluate the factuality of long-form responses generated by AI chatbots.

To gauge the efficacy of SAFE, the team assembled a dataset named LongFact, consisting of approximately 16,000 facts. They then tested SAFE across thirteen Large Language Models (LLMs) spanning four distinct families: Claude, Gemini, GPT-4, and PaLM-2. The results were promising, with SAFE aligning with human annotators in 72% of cases. Moreover, in instances of discrepancy between SAFE and human annotators, SAFE’s assessments were found to be accurate 76% of the time.

Economic Viability and Future Implications

One of the most compelling aspects of the SAFE system is its cost-effectiveness. According to the researchers, employing SAFE for fact-checking purposes is 20 times less expensive than relying on human annotators. This affordability, coupled with its high accuracy rate, positions SAFE as a potentially transformative tool for enhancing the reliability of AI chatbots on a large scale.

The development of SAFE comes at a crucial time, as the demand for accurate and reliable AI-generated content continues to grow. By addressing the challenge of hallucination head-on, SAFE not only promises to improve the user experience but also enhances the credibility of AI as a tool for disseminating information. As this technology continues to evolve, it could play a pivotal role in shaping the future of AI-driven communication and information retrieval.

Luke Jones
Luke Jones
Luke has been writing about all things tech for more than five years. He is following Microsoft closely to bring you the latest news about Windows, Office, Azure, Skype, HoloLens and all the rest of their products.