OpenAI’s GPT-4 Vision Mode Is Vulnerable to Prompt Injection Attacks

The vulnerability allows for the injection of prompts into the model using images with embedded text.

Recent findings have unveiled a potential vulnerability in GPT-4 Vision (GPT-4V) capabilities. Researchers have discovered that the system can be manipulated using images containing specific text. This raises concerns about the robustness of the model's visual recognition system.

Details of the Vulnerability

According to reports, the vulnerability allows for the injection of prompts into the model using images with embedded text. This means that an individual could potentially guide the model's responses by presenting it with an image containing specific textual instructions. Simon Willison, in a separate report, referred to this as “multi-modal prompt injection.” He elaborated that the flaw could be exploited to produce misleading or biased outputs from the model.

Implications and Context

The discovery of this vulnerability underscores the challenges faced by developers in ensuring the security and reliability of AI systems. As AI models become more sophisticated and integrated into various applications, ensuring their robustness against potential threats becomes paramount. This recent finding serves as a reminder of the continuous need for rigorous testing and refinement in the rapidly evolving world of artificial intelligence.

GPT-4 Vision: An Enhanced AI Model

Earlier this month, OpenAI introduce GPT-4V, an enhanced version of its flagship model. Even so, the company made it clear that the changes do bring security risks. These new functionalities are designed to allow a user to upload an image file and then pose questions about the image to the upgraded , termed as GPT-4V – with V indicating ‘vision'.

has chosen not to let the model comment on how people look in the images they upload. The GPT-4V model can sometimes miss important details in the images, such as text, characters, math symbols, locations, and colors, according to a paper [PDF] published by OpenAI. OpenAI also doubts that GPT-4V can do some tasks well, like telling apart illegal drugs or edible mushrooms. OpenAI warns that GPT-4V could be used to spread false information on a large scale. Besides these issues, OpenAI plans to add voice input support for IOS and devices that can enable interactive conversations.