Intel Components Research and Intel Labs announced this week they have reached a major milestone in their development of a quantum computing processor that can be leveraged for large-scale production.
The two main research divisions of Intel made the announcement at the 2022 Silicon Quantum Electronics Workshop, which is held in Orford, Quebec. According to the research teams, they can now show the highest-ever yield and uniformity rate for a manufactured “silicon spin qubit device”.
Intel believes this research is a major step because it is a path towards building quantum computing chips on the transistor manufacturing process the company currently has. As one of the leaders in quantum computing development, Intel’s breakthrough is a big milestone for the sector as a whole.
At the heart of the research – like all quantum computing development – are qubits. These are the more advanced bits that encode data without being restricted to specific states. Because of the nature of quantum mechanics, qubits exist as both 1 or 0 states at the same time (known as superposition).
Intel explains qubits by comparing them to a spinning coin that could be heads, tails, or could just endlessly keep spinning. When spinning, the coin is both heads and tails simultaneously. If you add another coin, they there are four states (Heads/Heads, Tails/Tails, Heads/Tails, and Tails/Heads). Possibilities continue to increase for each additional coin.
This characteristic of qubits means they significantly outperform standard bits. The performance of a quantum computer is dictated by how many qubits it has… the more the better. Qubits are put onto silicon chips like standard bits, but until now manufacturing has been limited to one chip at a time.
Intel has been able to create a system that creates multiple quantum chips.
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