Microsoft's Vulnerability research team has uncovered an npm ( package that attempts to steal data from UNIX users. 1337qq-js was downloaded at least 32 times before being reported on January 13 and replaced the same day.
In this case, 1337qq-js was marked with a CVSS severity of critical. A backdoor in the code lets a remote attacker gain access to the user and steal important information.
According to the npm security team, it exfiltrates environment variables, running processes, the /etc/hosts folder, uname – a, and the npmrc file. With API access tokens for web apps commonly held in environment variables, installing such a package could lead to a lot of trouble.
To mitigate the risk, it's recommended to simply uninstall the package for any devs that used the package to remove it from their apps. Obviously, credentials should be changed.
Thankfully, this package was caught before it reached major popularity. Microsoft caught it two weeks after it went live, limiting the impact. Still, it's another reason for caution after various similar incidents.
npm packages have previously been published to steal cryptocurrency, steal developer credentials, and exfiltrate environment details. In his yearly security review, VP of npm security Adam Baldwin revealed that there had been 1,285 security advisories, 595 of which were created in 2019.